Exhibition: Degas A New Vision

The NGV exhibition Degas: A New Vision offers plenty for lovers of great art and those interested in learning more about this famous French artist.

Edgar Degas Rehearsal hall at the Opéra , rue Le Peletier 1872 oil on canvas 32.7 x 46.3 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris (RF 1977) © RMN - Grand Palais ( Musée d’Orsay ) / Hervé Lewandowski

Edgar Degas Rehearsal hall at the Opéra, rue Le Peletier 1872 oil on canvas 32.7 x 46.3 cm Musée d’Orsay, Paris (RF 1977) © RMN Grand Palais (Musée d’Orsay) /Hervé Lewandowski

In addition to showing  more than 200 paintings, drawings, sculptures and photographs, the exhibition provides extensive information about Degas’ work, his life and the events that occurred during his lifetime.  Given his career spanned the entire second half of the nineteenth century and the first years of the twentieth, there was plenty happening!

That’s the joy of this exhibition. You can just admire some great art works, including many pieces never before seen in Australia, and/or gain a greater understanding of their composition, and in some cases the repercussions of the work.

In a café (The Absinthe drinker) c. 1875–76 oil on canvas 92 x 68.5 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris (RF 1984) © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d’Orsay) / Martine Beck

In a café (The Absinthe drinker) c. 1875–76 oil on canvas 92 x 68.5 cm Musée d’Orsay, Paris (RF 1984) © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d’Orsay) / Martine Beck – Coppola

For example, we learn the backlash suffered by actress Ellen André, who posed for Degas’  In a café (The Absinthe drinker). This painting of a woman stupefied by the toxic beverage absinthe (known as the ‘green fairy’) was immediately condemned as a disreputable scene from the Café de la Nouvelle Athènes in Place Pigalle, a well-known bohemian drinking hole.

The information accompanying another of his famous paintings, The Bellelli family, 1867, explains why this is a study of marital discontent.

Edgar Degas Family portrait also called The Bellelli family 1 867 oil on canvas 201 x 249.5 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris (RF 2210) © Musée d'Orsay, Dist. RMN - Grand Palais / Patrice Schmidt

Edgar Degas Family portrait also called The Bellelli family 1867 oil on canvas 201 x 249.5 cm Musée d’Orsay, Paris (RF 2210) © Musée d’Orsay, Dist. RMN- Grand Palais / Patrice Schmidt

We also learn that Degas’ refusal to marry, together with his obsession with observing the naked female form, inevitably led to unfounded notions that he was a misogynist.

In curating the exhibition, Degas specialist Henri Loyrette has grouped together the subjects which Degas continually returned to throughout his career, including his famous ballet scenes, portraits, nudes, horse-racing, the social world of Parisian nightlife and women at work and leisure.

Edgar Degas A cotton office in New Orleans 1873 oil on canvas 73 x 92 cm Musée des Beaux - Arts, Pau (878.1.2) © RMN - Grand Palais / Michèle Bellot / Madeleine Coursaget

Edgar Degas A cotton office in New Orleans 1873 oil on canvas 73 x 92 cm Musée des Beaux -Arts, Pau (878.1.2) © RMN -Grand Palais / Michèle Bellot /Madeleine Coursaget.

The exhibition explores the great technical, conceptual and expressive freedoms that Degas achieved in his later years and reveals his experiments with a range of mediums including sculpture and photography.

Edgar Degas The little fourteen - year - old dancer 1879 – 81, cast 1922 – 37 bronze with cotton skirt and satin ribbon 99.0 x 35.2 x 24.5 cm Czestochowski/Pingeot 73 (cast unlettered) Museu de Arte de São Paulo, Assis Chateaubriand Donated by Alberto José Alves, Alberto Alves Filho and Alcino Ribeiro de Lima (426 E)

Edgar Degas The little fourteen-year-old dancer 1879–81, cast 1922–37 bronze with cotton skirt and satin ribbon 99.0 x 35.2 x 24.5 cm Czestochowski/Pingeot 73 (cast unlettered) Museu de Arte de São Paulo, Assis Chateaubriand. Donated by Alberto José Alves, Alberto Alves Filho and Alcino Ribeiro de Lima (426 E)

It includes some of Degas’ most famous masterworks including the bronze sculpture – The little fourteen – year-old dancer, 1879–81, The Rehearsal, c. 1874, and Finishing the Arabesque, 1877.

As we discover Degas was fascinated by aspects of modern life – voraciously painting Paris’ dance halls and cabarets, cafés, racetracks, opera and ballet stages. He also studied the simple, everyday gestures of working women including milliners, dressmakers and laundresses.

Edgar Degas Before the race c. 1883 – 90 pastel 49.0 x 62.0 cm (sheet) Private collection

Edgar Degas Before the race c. 1883–90 pastel 49.0 x 62.0 cm (sheet) Private collection.

We also learn Degas was drawn to explore movement that was precise and disciplined, such as that of racehorses and ballet dancers. He also absorbed a diverse range of influences from Japanese prints to Italian Mannerism.

It’s this educational component (which includes information especially for children), together with some wonderful works of art, which makes this exhibition so enjoyable.

Degas: A New Vision is on display at NGV International until 18 September. For more information on the exhibition and tickets visit the gallery website.

Jenny Burns attended the exhibition as a guest of the National Gallery of Victoria.

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